Mart LaarThe Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Eesti Pank shall organise the activities of the Supervisory Board, chair the meetings of the Supervisory Board, monitor the implementation of the Supervisory Board's decisions, represent the Supervisory Board of Eesti Pank and respond to interpellations concerning the activities of the Supervisory Board of Eesti Pank submitted to him in the Riigikogu.

Date and place of birth: 22 April 1960, Viljandi, Estonia

Marital status: married, a son and a daughter 

Education:

  • University of Tartu PhD 2005
  • University of Tartu, MA in philosophy 1995
  • Tartu State University, history 1983
  • Tallinn Secondary School No. 46 1978

Employment: 

  • The Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Eesti Pank, 2013 -
  • XII Riigikogu 2012 - 2013
  • Minister of Defence 2011 - 2012
  • X and XI Riigikogu 2003 – 2011 
  • IX Riigikogu 1999, 2002 - 2003 
  • Republic of Estonia Prime Minister 1999 – 2002, 1992 – 1994 
  • VIII Riigikogu 1995 – 1999
  • VII Riigikogu 1992
  • Supreme Council of the Republic of Estonia 1990 – 1992 
  • Department for the Protection of Cultural Heritage, Ministry of Culture, head 1986 – 1990
  • Tallinn Secondary School No. 24, teacher 1983 – 1986

Party affiliation: Isamaaliit 1995 –

Membership in representative bodies: 

7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th Riigikogu; Tallinn City Council 1996–1999; Congress of Estonia; Committee of Estonia; the Constitutional Assembly 1991–1992; Supreme Council of the Republic of Estonia 1990 - 1992

Social activities: 

  • member of the Estonian Heritage Society and PEN Club since 1987
  • Estonian Students Society since 1988
  • Tallinn University of Technology, Board of Trustees
  • Supervisory Board of the Estonian Development Fund

Creative activities:

Kodu lugu I-II (Country Study) (co-author) 1989; 14. juuni 1941 (June 14, 1941) 1990; War in the Woods: Estonia’s Struggle for Survival 1944–1956 1992; The Challenge for Europe 1994; Raamat Jakob Hurdast (Book about Jakob Hurt) 1995; Teine Eesti: Eesti iseseisvuse taassünd 1986–1991 (Second Estonia: Rebirth of Estonian Independence 1986–1991) (co-author) 1996; Eesti ajalugu elulugudes: 101 tähtsat eestlast (History of Estonia in Biographies: 101 Important Estonians) (co-author) 1997; Isamaa ilu hoieldes (Protecting the Beauty of the Fatherland) 1997; Eesti Vabadussõda ja Suurbritannia 1918–1920 (Estonian War of Independence and Great Britain 1918–1920) 1998; Back to the Future: 10 Years of Freedom in Central Europe 2001; Das estnische Wirtschaftswunder 2002; Estonia: Little Country that Could 2002; Eesti uus algus (Estonia’s New Beginning) 2002; Äratajad (Awakening) (doctoral thesis) 2005; Emajõgi 1944 2005; Sinimäed 1944 2005; four short pieces on Estonian history 2005; September 1944: Otto Tiefi valitsus (September 1944: Otto Tief’s Government) 2007 etc.; books have been translated into other languages; author and co-author of several school textbooks on history; numerous articles in the Estonian and foreign press.

Awards:

  • Acton Institute’s Faith & Freedom Award 2007
  • Milton Friedman Award 2006
  • Estonian Defence Forces Meritorious Service Cross 2005
  • Polak Award 2003
  • Adam Smith Award 2002
  • Order of the National Coat of Arms, 2nd class 2001
  • Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany 2001
  • Companion of Honour of the National Order of Merit of the Republic of Malta 2001
  • Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit of France 2001
  • Grand Cross of St. Maurice and St. Lazare 2001
  • Armed Resistance Cross of Merit, 2nd class 1999
  • Cross of Merit of the Estonian Defence League 1999
  • Memorial Medal ‘10 Years of the Re-established Defence Forces’. St Andreas Cross 1999
  • Estonian Defence Forces Distinguished Service Decoration 1998
  • World’s Best Young Politician 1993