Labour Market Review 1/2018

The labour market review by experts from Eesti Pank covers developments in the supply, demand and prices of labour in Estonia. The central bank observes the labour market for two reasons. Firstly, labour is an important production input, as a change in the supply or activity of labour can directly affect potential growth. Secondly, events in the labour market can have a major impact on inflation. Given the orientation of the euro area monetary policy towards price stability, and the openness of the Estonian economy, the economy can adjust to changes principally through the prices and volumes of production inputs. For this reason it is important for the labour market to be flexible and for wage rises to correspond to productivity growth, as otherwise the increase in production costs could lead to excessive inflation.