The Estonian Competitiveness Report by experts from Eesti Pank is published once a year. The report covers Estonian competitiveness in international comparison, the factors that affect competitiveness, and changes in those factors in recent years. Competitiveness is assessed in various ways, using... more
  Mari Rell and Maris Leemets Eonomists at Eesti Pank

The latest Competitiveness Report from Eesti Pank describes how total factor productivity is the key to economic growth and to increasing wealth in the future as the population ages in Estonia. Total factor productivity is... more


Eesti Pank is a member of the Network of Central Banks and Supervisors for Greening the Financial System (NGFS). The network is intended to share best practice in the field, develop environmental and climate risk management in the financial sector, and mobilise mainstream finance to support the... more

Working Papers of Eesti Pank 9/2019 Article: The Growth Effects of El Niño and La Niña: Local Weather Conditions Matter, 2020, Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, Issue 140, pp. 83-126. This paper contributes to the climate-economy literature by analysing the role of weather... more
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