Banks that have adopted the Internal Ratings Based (IRB) approach must use a risk weight of at least 15% for retail exposures secured by real estate to residents of Estonia when calculating risk-weighted assets. The floor is set for the average of the portfolio of retail exposures secured by... more


The macroprudential tools available to Eesti Pank can be divided into three groups:

1) Moral suasion measures, with which Eesti Pank can draw the attention of market participants to vulnerabilities in the financial system and so influence their decisions indirectly. This can include... more


From 30 September, Swedbank and SEB Pank will have to apply an average risk weight of at least 15% in calculating the risk weighted exposure for mortgage loans issued in Estonia. Eesti Pank is applying the requirement in order to make sure that banks have sufficient capital to cover the risks... more

Taavi Raudsaar Economist at Eesti Pank

Banking statistics published today indicate that the portfolio of loans issued to companies and households continued to grow rapidly in July, as did deposits, though other economic indicators point more towards slower growth in the... more

Raido Kraavik Economist at Eesti Pank

According to the banking statistics published today, the demand for loans was broadly in line with the average in June. There has been an increase in corporate car leases, though, as the value of car leases taken over the last year is up... more

Taavi Raudsaar Economist at Eesti Pank

The financial account statistics published by Eesti Pank today show that the growth in the equity of Estonian non-financial enterprises has slowed in the past year and a half. The yearly growth in equity was around 2.5% in the first... more

Jana Kask Economist at Eesti Pank

The average interest rate for housing loans granted in May was up on the previous month at 2.6%, as was that for long-term corporate loans at 2.9%. There has been a slight upward trend in interest margins in 2019, which can partly be... more


The Structure of the Estonian Financial Sector discusses factors that affect the architecture and design of the financial sector in Estonia. It provides a background for understanding the development trends and risks described in the Financial Stability Review.

The Structure of... more


Financial stability means the smooth functioning of financial intermediation under both normal and unexpectedly adverse circumstances.

Safeguarding the stability of the financial system is one of the key functions of Eesti Pank under the Eesti Pank Act. The central bank oversees the... more


The countercyclical capital buffer is intended to protect the banking sector against losses that could be caused by cyclical systemic risks. Countercyclical capital buffer requirement requires banks to add capital at times when credit is growing rapidly so that the buffer can be reduced when the... more

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