Securities lending of Bank of Estonia PSPP holdings

The Bank of Estonia PSPP and PEPP holdings are available for securities lending. The counterparties eligible for this lending are trading counterparties who have relevant agreements (GMRA agreements) with the Bank of Estonia.

Eligible... more

The spread of the coronavirus from the start of the year had a major impact on the performance of the Estonian economy and of the economy of the whole world. Although the economic decline in many countries was less than was forecast at the first peak of the crisis, the economy of the euro area... more
Occasional Papers of Eesti Pank 2/2020 Authors: Helen Ljadov, Reet Reedik, Raido Kraavik, Taavi Raudsaar, Lauri Matsulevitš, Dmitry Kulikov, Kaspar Oja, Lenno Uusküla, Nicolas Reigl, Karsten Staehr Several central banks have started using negative interest rates alongside other nonstandard... more

The latest research by Eesti Pank shows that the monetary policy of the Eurosystem affects growth and inflation in the Estonian economy more than it does in the euro area on average.

In broad terms, monetary policy affects how available and how expensive credit is in the economy. By... more

The Estonian Economy and Monetary Policy is an Eesti Pank review released four times a year that summarises the main recent events in the global and Estonian economies. Twice a year, in June and December, the review also contains a full forecast for the Estonian economy, while in March and... more
Madis Müller Governor of Eesti Pank

Honourable President of the Riigikogu, Distinguished Members of the Riigikogu, I am pleased to present to you the annual report of Eesti Pank for 2019.

Rarely has the economy been in such a different position by the start of June... more




* The monthly purchase volumes are reported net of redemtions
** At amortized cost   

From June 2015 to May 2016, Eesti Pank had a special exemption allowing it to buy the bonds of the state-owned transmission system operator Elering. From June 2016 the... more


The Eesti Pank reserves allow the central bank to remain independent of the government and ensure that it has sufficient capital to cover any possible losses. More broadly, the reserves help ensure confidence in the monetary system of the euro area and underpin the stability of the Estonian... more

Like elsewhere in Europe and other countries around the world, the most topical question affecting the Estonian economy is what impact the steps taken to combat the COVID-19 pandemic and the restrictions they have placed on the activities of households and businesses will have. This issue of Eesti... more

Estonia joined the euro area at the beginning of 2011. In the euro area, the Eurosystem is responsible for the implementation of the single monetary policy. The Eurosystem consists of national central banks (NCBs) in the euro area and the European Central Bank (ECB) in Frankfurt. As a Eurosystem... more

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