The Estonian financial system is closely related to those of the Nordic and Baltic countries and so work with them is highly important. The Nordic-Baltic partnership in financial stability focuses on two areas.
- Multilateral cooperation between Nordic and Baltic central banks, ministries of finance, supervisory authorities and resolution authorities concentrates on strengthening financial crisis management. The cooperation is based on a memorandum of understanding and is run day to day in the Nordic-Baltic Stability Group (NBSG).
- Macroprudential supervision issues are discussed regularly at the Nordic-Baltic Macroprudential Forum (NBMF) set up in 2011, which brings together central bank governors and heads of supervisory authorities. Experts from Eesti Pank participate in the expert groups that do the preparatory work for the NBMF. There are also seminars for specialists from the central banks of the region where the results of analyses and assessments are shared and topical issues of financial sector policy are discussed.
Given the large market share of some Nordic banking groups in Estonia, bilateral partnerships with the central banks of the home countries of the parent banks are very important in the assessment of risks to financial stability and decisions on appropriate measures, in addition to multilateral cooperation.
- Memorandum of Understanding between Financial Supervisory Authorities of the Nordic countries and the European Central Bank on prudential supervision of significant branches (02.12.2016)
Annex on Accession of the Baltic countries and Iceland (01.06.2017)
- Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation regarding Banks with Cross-Border Establishments between the Central Banks of Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway and Sweden (15.05.2022)
- Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation and Coordination on cross-border financial stability between relevant Ministries, Central Banks, Financial Supervisory Authorities and Resolution Authorities of Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway and Sweden (31.01.2018)