The countercyclical capital buffer is intended to protect the banking sector against losses that could be caused by cyclical systemic risks increasing in the economy. Countercyclical capital buffers require banks to hold capital at times when credit is growing rapidly so that the buffer can be reduced if the financial cycle turns down or the economic and financial environment becomes substantially worse. Banks can use the capital buffers they have built up during the growth phase of the financial cycle to cover losses that may arise during periods of stress and to continue supplying credit to the real economy.

Eesti Pank has been given the responsibility for setting the levels for the countercyclical capital buffer in Estonia. Eesti Pank bases its assessments of the capital buffers and their levels on the principles agreed by the European Union in the Capital Requirements Directive and also considers the specific requirements of the Estonian economy and financial system.

Eesti Pank assesses the need for the countercyclical buffer and decides on the rate for it once a quarter.

Quarter 1, 2021

Eesti Pank decided on 29 March 2021 to keep the countercyclical capital buffer rate for credit institutions at 0% of the credit risk exposures located in Estonia.

  • The applicable countercyclical capital buffer rate: 0%
  • The standardised credit-to-GDP ratio: 112%; its deviation from the long-term trend: -8 percentage points
  • The buffer guide: 0%
  • Reasoning for the buffer rate: the economic damage caused by the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic and the efforts to prevent it mean that uncertainty remains about the future development of the economy. This has resulted in reduced borrowing by the non-financial sector. As the risk of rapid growth in borrowing is low at present, Eesti Pank currently considers it appropriate to keep the countercyclical capital buffer rate for the banks at 0%.

Indicators and assessment for the countercyclical capital buffer rate



Quarter 1, 2021.pdf
Quarter 4, 2020.pdf
Quarter 3, 2020.pdf
Quarter 2, 2020.pdf
Quarter 1, 2020.pdf
Quarter 4, 2019.pdf
Quarter 3, 2019.pdf
Quarter 2, 2019.pdf
Quarter 1, 2019.pdf
Quarter 4, 2018.pdf
Quarter 3, 2018.pdf
Quarter 2, 2018.pdf
Quarter 1, 2018.pdf
Quarter 4, 2017.pdf
Quarter 3, 2017.pdf
Quarter 2, 2017.pdf
Quarter 1, 2017.pdf
Quarter 4, 2016.pdf
Quarter 3, 2016.pdf
Quarter 2, 2016.pdf
Quarter 1, 2016.pdf
Quarter 4, 2015.pdf


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Decrees of the Governor of Eesti Pank

Countercyclical capital buffer rates in other countries: